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Thursday, December 21, 2006

Indian Food / Diet for diabetics




Type of carbohydrate and amount of fibre
Sample diet plan (for NIDDM)
Sample diet plan (for IDDM)
To remember
Foods to be avoided
Foods to be restricted
Foods to be used freely

Objectives
  • To maintain adequate nutrition
  • To achieve and maintain desirable body weight
  • To maintain normal blood sugar levels
  • To prevent, delay or minimize the onset of chronic degenerative complications



Click here for more details about diet for Diabetic Patients


Diet plays an important role in the treatment of diabetes. The diet may be used alone or in combination with insulin injections or oral hypoglycaemic drugs.

The diet plan of an individual is based on height, weight, age, sex, physical activity and nature of diabetes. One should consider the following points while planning a diabetic diet:
  • Determining energy requirements
  • Determining the type of carbohydrates, fibre and food preparations
  • Presence of any other complication such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels etc.

In case of insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, the energy intake is based on needs for normal growth and development, physical activity and maintenance of desirable body weight.

In case of non insulin dependant diabetes mellitus, the majority of patients are overweight or obese. Therefore, calorie restriction is required to achieve a desired weight.

Type of carbohydrate and amount of fibre: More of carbohydrate must be given as complex starches rather than simple sugars as they breakdown more slowly to release glucose in blood. The presence of fibre in complex carbohydrate like grains, vegetables and other starches slows the glucose absorption. One should emphasise more on the high fibre foods instead of high fibre supplements available in the market.

Food groupsHigh fibre foods Low fibre foods
CerealsWhole cereals like whole wheat, dalia, whole wheat flourRefined cereals like rice, bread, maida, suji, noodles, macaroni, etc
Milk and milk products-Milk and milk products
PulsesWhole dals and dals with huskWashed dals
Meat, fish and poultry-Eggs, chicken, fish
VegetablesVegetables like peas, beans, lotus stem etc.Vegetables like potato, lauki etc.
FruitsFruits like apple, cherries, pears, peaches, plums, guava etc.Fruit juices and fruits like banana and papaya
Fats-Fats


Sample diet plan (for NIDDM)

MealMenu
Early morningTea (preferably without sugar)
BreakfastDalia (salted)/ Paneer on toast
Tea without sugar
Apple
Lunch2 chapatti
Channa curry / or any other whole dal
Beans sabzi / or any other sabzi (avoid potatoes)
Curds / ghia raita
Salad
TeaTea
Salty biscuits
DinnerVegetable soup / tomato soup / chicken soup
2 chapatti / missi roti (combining wheat flour with channa flour and soya flour)
Palak paneer sabzi / paneer bhurji
Curds


Sample diet plan (for IDDM)

MealMenu
Early morningTea (without sugar)
BreakfastCorn flakes
Boiled egg
Toast
Mid-morningFruit chat
Lunch2 chapatti (add extra chapatti if required)
Lobia curry / or any other whole dal
Capsicum sabzi / karela / or any other sabzi
Curds / raita
Salad
TeaTea / milk
Vegetable sandwich
Dinner2 chapatti
Dry dal
Cabbage sabzi / or any other sabzi
Salad
Bed timeKheer / fruit custard


To remember
  • It is important to control the amount and time of food intake.
  • Meals should not be missed.
  • Consider the likes and dislikes of the patient.
  • Try to substitute the craving for sweet by taking some fruit.

Foods to be avoided

Glucose, sugar, honey, all sweets, chocolates and candies.

Foods to be restricted

Potatoes, yam, arbi, sweet potatoes, mangoes, grapes, bananas, alcoholic beverages, fried foods, paranthas, poories, pakoras, mathris, deep fried foods, dry fruits, salad oils, cakes and pastries.

Foods to be used freely

Green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, cucumber. radish, soups, buttermilk, tea and coffee without sugar.




source: DoctorNDTV

13 comments:

Parth said...

Aren't carbs dangerous for Diabetics? I came across this site because I was trying to figure out how to control insulin spikes during an Indian diet. I've been losing fat consistently for a while, and have successfully dropped my carbs below 150 grams per day while increasing my intake of health fats and protein. The main problem is my consumption of Roti. The moment I stop I know I'll be able to lose more fat, however I wanted to see if there was any other way I could control insulin spikes. Perhaps eating Indian food only on weight training days? Or eating Indian food only during the day time as a pre-workout or post workout meal.

Anonymous said...

very good article to read ,a lil more precise of all food items that we can have could help more . and what about rice being indian we do take rice and its not mentioned when to have how much rice

Anonymous said...

some time you feel low so you can take boiled rice ,cooked in open lid and starch strained.

अपर्णा said...

you could have modifies this menu a bit by including brown rice.

Jasmine said...

Your blog is very nice. Iam going to try some recipe. Please add more about Indian menu

Indusekhar said...

Thanks to Aparna that she has reminded us of Brown Rice. However, it is hard to come by. One of my other experiences is that iodine in common salt is enhancing thyroid complications. My wife had been put on thyroxine, yet she is fine without it now. The magic is done by raw salt. Infact iodine deficiency is not so acute in plains and thus iodised salt is nothing but a gimmick.

AMITA KUMAR said...

My husband is diabetic i tried this for him and it really worked ..eat oatmeal with 2% milk in the morning, tea with equal (sugar subs), at lunch small portions of vegetables (Green), dal any kind, small potin chicken or meat or fish, salad but no cabohydrates (no roti), and in the eavning early dinner by 7 PM no carbs eat small potion of chicken, salad some vegitable & suger free Pudding (add equal) after dinner take sone sugerfree tea.
This diet really works try it u will .not not feel like having Roti
This diet will definately lower your your sugar and your Medicine intake
Walking is very important with this diet.
You eat Roti 2 Roties in a week
Good luck

Dhanu Krishnamurthy said...

In diabetes portions makes a huge difference. Brown or white rice; does not matter. Carbs are very important for diabetes patients.

I have researched several good/healthy options since I discovered that I have diabetes. Some of them are barley, jowar and quinoa. Excellent sources.

Be cheerful and invest time in yourself/your health.

Good luck.

Anonymous said...

I read that sweet potato (the kind with the red coloured skin) is a superfood for diabetics, according to the American Diabetic society. Why then is it shown as restricted? And to what extent? I gave some to my husband, who is type-2 diabetic, and his sugar went down. I'd like to know what its limits are.

Anonymous said...

Thank you very much

Anonymous said...

what about carrot , beet root.bitter gaurd for diabetics??

Anonymous said...

Paneer is strictly no no for diaabetic patient.

ASHOK said...

Eating carrots are good or bad for diabetic